Format of Escrow Agreement in India

Escrow agreements have become an increasingly common practice in India as a means of securing parties involved in business transactions. An escrow agreement is a contract between two parties that outlines the conditions under which funds or assets will be held by a third party until certain conditions have been met. It is essential to understand the format of an escrow agreement in India to ensure that all parties involved are protected and have a clear understanding of the terms and conditions.

The following is an overview of the format of an escrow agreement in India.

1. Introduction

The introduction of the agreement should clearly state the names of the parties involved in the transaction, the nature of the transaction, and the purpose of the agreement. This section should also outline the responsibilities and obligations of each party to the agreement.

2. Escrow Agent

The agreement should identify the Escrow Agent who will be responsible for holding the funds or assets. This section should include details such as the name of the Escrow Agent, their contact information and the scope of their responsibilities. It should also outline the fees that will be paid to the Escrow Agent.

3. Escrow Account

The agreement should outline the details of the Escrow Account, including the name of the institution where the account will be held, the account number, and any other relevant information. This section should also outline the procedures for depositing and withdrawing funds from the account.

4. Release Conditions

The release conditions section should list the conditions that must be met for the funds or assets to be released from the Escrow Account. This could include conditions such as completion of the transaction, receipt of all necessary documentation or approval from relevant authorities.

5. Termination

The termination section should outline the circumstances under which the escrow agreement will end. This could include completion of the transaction, mutual agreement of all parties, or termination by one of the parties due to a breach of the agreement.

6. Dispute Resolution

The dispute resolution section should outline the procedures to be followed in the event of a dispute arising between the parties. This could include mediation, arbitration, or litigation.

7. Governing Law

The governing law section should outline the laws that will govern the escrow agreement. This will typically be the laws of the State in which the agreement was signed.


In conclusion, an escrow agreement is a vital contract that ensures the protection of all parties involved in a transaction. Understanding the format of an escrow agreement in India is crucial to ensure that the terms and conditions of the agreement are clearly stated and can be enforced if necessary. By following the above format, parties can ensure that they are fully protected throughout the transaction process.