The Northern Ireland Protocol is an essential part of the Withdrawal Agreement between the United Kingdom and the European Union. It was designed to prevent a hard border on the island of Ireland, protect the Good Friday Agreement, and maintain the integrity of the EU single market.
The Protocol is specifically included in the Withdrawal Agreement, which was negotiated between the UK and the EU from 2018 to 2019. It is an international treaty that ensures the UK`s orderly withdrawal from the EU and sets out the terms of their future relationship, including the Northern Ireland Protocol.
The Northern Ireland Protocol deals with the unique situation of Northern Ireland, which shares a land border with the Republic of Ireland, an EU member state. It establishes specific arrangements for Northern Ireland to remain aligned with the EU single market and customs union. This means that Northern Ireland follows many of the same rules and regulations as the EU, to ensure that goods can flow freely across the border.
The Protocol also introduces a customs border between Northern Ireland and Great Britain, in order to prevent goods from entering the EU single market through Northern Ireland. However, this has caused controversy and tension within the UK, particularly amongst those who see it as a threat to the country`s integrity and sovereignty.
Despite this, the Northern Ireland Protocol remains an essential part of the Withdrawal Agreement, and both the UK and EU are committed to its implementation. The Protocol is subject to ongoing negotiations and discussions, with both parties working to find practical solutions to the challenges it presents.
In conclusion, yes, the Northern Ireland Protocol is part of the Withdrawal Agreement between the UK and the EU. It is a vital aspect of the agreement, designed to protect the Good Friday Agreement and maintain a peaceful and stable border on the island of Ireland. While it may present challenges, both parties are committed to finding workable solutions and ensuring its successful implementation.